ADd IT---ADjectives and ADverbs

margeeobrien's picture
Content Area(s):  
Grade Level(s):  
Oregon Common Core State Standards: 
Lesson Plan Details
30-45 minutes

Students will learn to elaborate basic sentences through the use of adjectives and adverbs.  Students will start with a given, basic sentence and add an adjective or adverb to continually build a more complex sentence.  The purpose of the lesson is two-fold-----identification of adverbs and adjectives as well as reinforcement of work processing and proofreading skills.

  • Laptop computers
  • Microsoft word or orther word processing program
  • SMART board or dry erase board
  • printer access

Prior to instruction, the teacher needs to develop five basic sentences for student to use for elaboration.  These five sentences need to be made available to all students either hard copy or electronically.  (Sentences are examples only.)

The dog barked.

Susie ran.

Tom jumped.

The flower bloomed.

The rain fell.


In this lesson, the teacher will first review usage of adjectives and adverbs and their inclusion in prepositional phrases.  Next the teacher will demonstrate how to add on to a basic sentence to supply vivid description and clarification in writing.  The following sentence will be placed on the board, "The baby was crying."  The teacher will elicit responses from the class to add on to the basic sentence.  Emphasis should be on adding one adverb or adjective at a time to build a more complex sentence.  Examples:

The baby was crying.

The tiny baby was crying.

The tiny, newborn baby was crying.

The tiny, newborn baby was crying continuously.

The tiny, newborn baby was crying continuously while his mother slept.

The tiny, newborn baby was crying continuously while his mother slept nearby.

Next, students choose three of the given sentences to use for elaboration in the same manner.  The teahcer may require 5-10 elaborated sentences from each basic sentence.  Students are to type their sentences and save for teacher evaluation. 

During the last five minutes of class, students are to share a portion of their work orally.

Written work is to be submitted to teacher electronically.  Emphasis to students should be on use of word processing, proofreading, even cut and paste.  This assignment has a dual purpose----use of advebs and adjectives as well as refinement of word processing skills.


Teacher will correct student's submitted sentences online.  Comments and corrections can be made for each assignment. Teacher will evaluate success of lesson.  If needed, the lesson can be repeated. 

Oregon Educational Technology Standards
Creativity and Innovation: 
1A. Apply existing knowledge to forecast possibilities and generate new ideas, products or processes.
1B. Create original works as a means of personal or group expression.
Technology Operations and Concepts: 
6A. Select, use, and troubleshoot tools efficiently.
Career Related Learning Standards
Personal Management: 
CR1A. Identify tasks that need to be done and initiate action to complete the tasks.
CR2A. Plan, organize, and complete projects and assigned tasks on time, meeting agreed upon standards of quality.
CR3A. Locate, process, and convey information using traditional and technological tools.
Marie Burns's picture

I am a science teacher and I think this method could be adapted to assist students in making detailed observations. I could have an object in the room and make a basic observation about it. Then students could use your method to make it more detailed with adjectives or adverbs.