Reading With Fluency and Expression

reynitamendez's picture
Content Area(s):  
Grade Level(s):  
Oregon Common Core State Standards: 
Lesson Plan Details
1 week,

Students will read informational and narrative text with appropriate pacing, voice, expression, and fluency.


Flip cameras, Smart Board, MP3 players.


Prior to instruction, the teacher needs to...provide instruction on how to use and care for Flip-camera.  Students create a procedure chart for filming and recording.  Go to story sites and choose those for classroom viewing.


In this lesson, the teacher will...lead class in a discussion about reading with fluency and expression.  Discuss what it looks like, sounds like, feels like...List contributions on Smartboard for later reference.

Students will listen and watch selected stories from online sites.  Discuss how actors read the story, their expression, voice changes, and fluency.  How does this affect the mood of the story, is there anything they might have done differently as the reader?  Add ideas to those already listed.  After discussion, lead class in developing a rubric for fluency, and another for expression.  Explain that this will be used when they assess their own reading.

Teacher and volunteer student will model the process for recording oral readings. Demonstrate how to provide positive and constructive feedback to a partner.  Refer to procedure chart made earlier as avisual reminder of process.

In partners, students will film and record themselves reading text at their individual levels.  In turn, they will discuss the fluency and expression shown by the reader.  After a short practice, they will record again until they have met rubric goals.                                                                                    


Kid created rubrics for reading with fluency and reading with expression.

As a culminating project students will create their own favorite story videos.  Students will read from a book, while another films the book illustrations.   These can be used in a classroom listening center.  Students could also read books for younger readers using the recording/filming process they have learned. 

Some students may want to record their own written stories and illustrate them for original audio stories.

Oregon Educational Technology Standards
Creativity and Innovation: 
1B. Create original works as a means of personal or group expression.
Communication and Collaboration: 
2A. Interact and collaborate with peers, experts, or others employing a variety of digital environments and media.
Rick Bures's picture

I found it helpful that you have students view and evaluate videos first, in helping to develop a rubric, and then record themselves and evaluate themselves and partners.

Rosa Sangiovanni's picture

I wish I could create such a detailed lesson plan, and be able to help my students self evaluate themselves.

Rick Edgar's picture

I wish I had a Flip Cam and a Microphone because I think this is an awesome 3rd grade lesson...  I wonder if the K-2 teachers would let my students share the stories with their classes... I think it is highly motivating...

John Craft's picture

This could lead to a great discussion to the writer setting the tone for reading with fluency and expression.

tylermiller's picture

Excellent ideas!  Both for the lesson and how to teach it effectively and reach students.  I would love to see an example and here how it worked as far as increasing fluency.  

It reminds me of a fluency lesson I do with garageband.  These are wonderful lessons for kids to take ownership of their own fluency progress.